Everything You Need To Know About Cannabinoids
Whether you're new to vaping weed or whether you've been a fan for a while, you might be interested in knowing more about the different cannabinoids that weed contains and the effects that each one can have on your body.
Cannabinoids are a type of chemical compound that are formed in glandular trichomes, which are basically a sticky structure. These compounds have diverse properties and some can be used for recreational purposes while others are best for medicinal use. That means that some cause a high while others have healing properties. There are at least 85 different cannabinoids, with the two best known ones being CBD and THC.
What Should You Know About THC?
THC, or to give it its full name, Tetrahydrocannabinol, is the compound that makes you feel high when you vape weed. It affects mood, behavior, consciousness and perception. Most strains of weed are grown to have high THC levels which causes a feeling of well-being due to the stimulation of the dopamine triggers in the brain. When you ingest THC you experience relief from symptoms such as pain and it also has some anti-inflammatory benefits. However it can sometimes make you feel anxious and makes you feel hungry.
What Should You Know About CBD?
Cannabidiol, or CBD, is non-psychoactive which means it doesn't cause a high. It calms the user instead of causing euphoria and is sometimes used for medicinal purposes in treating conditions like epilepsy. It also relaxes the muscles and reduces inflammation while protecting the neurons in the body from erosion and damage, meaning it can help users to find relief from migraine, arthritis, spasms and schizophrenia. It may also fight cancer and promote better heart health.
While there are many other cannabinoids in weed, some of the most useful include:
- CBN – this compound does have some psychoactive properties, but not as strong as those in THC. CBN in high amounts can cause grogginess, however it can reduce anxiety and muscle spams and has a sedative-like effect.
- CBG – this compound has anti-microbial and anti-bacterial effects and can lower pressure in the eye in conditions such as glaucoma.
How Do Cannabinoids Work?
Cannabinoids are naturally produced in the body and have a number of key roles including regulating sleep, appetite and emotions. When you use weed, the cannabinoids in it activate the natural cannabinoid receptors in your body's nervous system and immune system and work with them to produce an effect. Cannabinoids activate the CB1 and CB2 receptors, with THC activating the CB1 receptors inside the brain causing a high.
Cannabinoids And Health
The health benefits of vaping weed are pretty clear, however the benefits vary depending on the active cannabinoid compounds found in the different strains available. The varying ratios will have a variety of therapeutic implications and research in ongoing into this at the moment. From offering pain relief to boosting sleep and from relieving anxiety to lowering muscle spasms, the cannabinoids in weed can help a wide range of people.